Dear readers, I report a Laureti’s article (here in Italian) about the occurrence, inside the particle accelerators, of a fenomenon that seems linked to PNN.

E.Laureti:

Momentum conservation is violated in high-energy colliders in a way that has several similarities to PNN (Non-Newtonian Propulsion). The violation both in the Collider and in the PNN is implemented through the sum of the total impulses.

Let’s return to the V-shaped dipoles in which there was a clear and evident violation of Newton’s III principle with a resulting force Fr sum of two Lorentz force vectors.

In relation to the violation of the action and reaction principle illustrated in ASPS where the arm A (through the current) generates a magnetic field normal to arm B (and vice versa) generating a Lorentz force normal to the arm

so replied to Dr. Gabriel Granziera an Italian academic professor of electrodynamics:

*Dear Dr. Granziera, thanks for your email. *

You probably wrote me because I teach electrodynamics but my research is mainly oriented in another direction (optics). However, I took a quick look at the sources you reported in your email and I’ll give you my opinion. The fact that the Lorentz force can violate Newton’s 3rd principle (in its traditional formulation) is well known, any physicist with a good training knows this. The reason (as Fabri also writes in the short paper you gave me) is that the true universal law underlying the 3rd principle is the conservation of momentum, which is then reduced to the 3rd traditional principle (equal and opposite forces) only assuming the approximation of instantaneous interactions at a distance between bodies (approximation not valid in electromagnetism). In electromagnetism, the conservation of momentum is ensured only by including the one associated with the electromagnetic field. **Specifically, the existence of a non-zero net resultant on the V-dipole seems to me correct and plausible. **

However, it should be compensated for by the unbalanced emission of electromagnetic waves in the space surrounding the dipole, so that the total momentum remains preserved. I don’t have time to attempt an explicit calculation to evaluate my claim in detail, but I’m pretty sure that’s the case. This means that the experiment in question is not wrong, indeed it is also interesting, but it is not as revolutionary as you seem to think. In practice it is a form of reaction propulsion in which there is no eject material but in its place there are electromagnetic waves radiated in the opposite direction to where you want to move. If this principle could be made practical and energy efficient it could perhaps be interesting for some applications.

Best regards,

…

I would like to point out that the V shape is not the only one I have dedicated myself to the PNN devices I have experimented. Not only there are ten other configurations (the last is PNN *Subitam*) not published yet … but also others that I don’t take into account because they are less efficient but still violate Newton’s third principle…

Configurations that, I repeat, are currently less effective for me than the V-shaped ones but still violate the 3rd… That is, CURVILINEAR DIPOLES with arched arms where each arm corresponds more or less TO A LENGTH between 1/6 and ¼ of a circumference as in the following figure:

**I would like to point out that finally ALSO elsewhere there is talk about the violation of momentum in systems that only apparently are not correlated to V-dipoles. **

In fact, I repeat that in V-shaped dipoles there is a violation of momentum without expulsion of e.m. waves. which incidentally should also violate the p = E / c with p> E / c (for the Lorentz forces much greater than the forces based on photonic recoils for the same energy used), that is, in order to conserve the momentum the V-dipole should radiate more e.m waves from the recoil than the arms can produce….**Therefore comically going from the “forced” conservation of momentum to the violation of energy conservation 😊****In fact, the QCD colliders resemble the arc dipoles illustrated above, that is, what happens in the trajectories that precede the collisions between high energy particles. Both experimental situations DO NOT INCIDENTALLY violate the conservation of momentum in the TOTAL SUM. And the analogies are broad and interesting and are accepted not because they have been theoretically predictable in colliders but because they come with the shameless experimental evidence that identically PNN manifests by violating the conservation of momentum. **

Here are the facts:

**High Energy Physics – Phenomenology**

*[Submitted on 8 Apr 2018 (**v1**), last revised 30 May 2018 (this version, v2)]*

**Momentum**** Sum Rule Violation in QCD at High**

**Energy Colliders and Confinement**

Momentum sum rule in QCD is widely used at high energy colliders. Although the exact form of the confinement potential energy is not known but the confinement potential energy at large distance r can not rise slower than ln(r). In this paper we find that if the confinement potential energy at large distance r rises linearly with r (or faster) then the momentum sum rule in QCD is violated at the high energy colliders if we consider the hadron size as infinite.

__For finite size hadron we find that the momentum sum rule in QCD is violated at the high energy colliders for any form of the confinement potential energy.__

Comments: | 2 New Sections, 13 pages latex |

Subjects: | HHigh Energy Physics – Phenomenology (hep-ph); High Energy Physics – Lattice (hep-lat); Nuclear Theory (nucl-th) |

Cite as: | arXiv:1804.02712 [hep-ph] |

Quantum chromodynamics, abbreviated to QCD, is the physical theory that describes the strong interaction. In practice, the sum rule of momentum is violated for any form of potential confinement energy since it does not depend on the confinement potential (and PNN says this) **but on the sum of the Lorentz forces between the arms of the colliders where the charges move. In detail, the charges confined in motion in the arms produce magnetic fields which interact with other charges in motion in the arms as illustrated in the curvilinear dipoles**…

And again in https://inspirehep.net/literature/1666841 (with 30 references in the bibliography) there is a similarity with the procedure of violation of momentum by the PNN.

https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2018arXiv180402712N/abstract

**For now, I preface that the motion of particles or antiparticles in the arms (4 arms of 90 degrees make a circumference) are movements of charges similar to open circuits whose curvature of the trajectory is forced by the confinement potential**. Even in a circular sector arc of 180 degrees the charges between 0 and 90 degrees generate magnetic fields that interfere not only with those in motion between 91 degrees and 180 degrees. The event also occurs on shorter arcs of pi radians as in the **curvilinear dipoles** drawn in *figure b* where the sum of two arcs of arms A and B is roughly 160 degrees. In practice, multiple perturbations that **have the identical outcome as the V or arc dipole of violating Newton’s III in the SUM of the Lorentz force vectors and consequently the conservation of momentum**.

In these colliders then, at least as far as I know, motions of positive and negative charges are possible with the effect that we could theoretically have a sum of forces that are not only directed outside the collider’s curvature but also inside.

In summary, since the collider charges are naturally assimilable in the motion to open-circuits with curved sections, we will see a set of resulting sum of all types and much more complicated and complex than those of the V-dipoles. **Now, if the violation of momentum is accepted and ASSESSED for these high energy QCD charge motions with curved trajectory I can’t see why the violation of momentum by the charges (current) in motion inside the V-dipole should be outrageous. **

Also note that the term High Energy Collider means charges with more kinetic energy and therefore more speed… Equivalent to saying that with more current in the V-dipoles, the violation of Newton’s III and momentum is best measured by having more current in the dipole arms.

**Bibliography:**

“Violazione del Principio di Azione e Reazione”, by Emidio Laureti in NOVA ASTRONAUTICA ISSN: 0393-1005 Vol.40 n.166 2020 pp. 6-16

“Road Show PNN del 31 Ottobre 2020 con coda dell’1 Novembre”, by Emidio Laureti in NOVA ASTRONAUTICA ISSN: 0393-1005 Vol.40 n.166 2020 pp. 1-5

OK very good

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Thank you Emidio

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