In the last post we’ve left ASPS realizing that PNN-M was unpractical, as the Superposition principle can’t be applied to the mechanics of SC23/a.
The Association then transposed, in 1992, the concept behind PNN-M to electrodynamics, where the Superposition principle is applicable. The result was the birth, in 2001, of SC23, a new kind of device that actually can violate (yep: the right word is violate) Newton’s third law.
The prototype casts electromagnetic fields which interact to generate a force. By exploiting the interaction between those fields and driven by accurate superposition calculations that can predict and organize the behavior of electromagnetic waves, the reaction force can be set to null or at least heavily reduced (phase opposition maybe?) whilst action force can be boosted. And this is only the first breakthrough!
The second one is that since the magnetic field is independent from the system once emitted, the PNN thruster can create on its own the medium where the modulated E.M waves can “have grip” and thus generate thrust! To make this statement more clear, let’s use this metaphoric example:
Imagine a strange cartoonish creature similar to a fish, that lives in space. This fish has a unique peculiarity: it can create bubbles of water around itself. When a bubble is created, it wags its tail to swim forward. When the fish is near the end of the bubble, it expels another bubble, and so on. This way it can move wherever it wants in space. Obviously you shouldn’t take too seriously this example because the physics doesn’t work that way.. unless we’re talking about E.M fields and Superposition principle!
Those two breakthroughs imply that a PNN-E thruster can work as long as the energy source is active. It doesn’t require to expel mass because since its “reaction” mass is the magnetic field, it virtually doesn’t exists until emitted, therefore the reaction mass is the energy source itself!
The PNN-E is, quoting Emidio Laureti, “the Sacred Grail of propulsion”.
It really is the Holy Grail because the implications in space propulsion are paramount: a ship equipped with PNN-E drive can thrust as long as the energy source is functioning. This means that it can reach speeds that are inconceivable for modern astronautics: theoretically we can even start talking about FTL travels! Moreover as long as the energy source is active the ship can visit different celestial bodies in a single misson, without being bonded to fuel availability, small speeds and the need of gravitational slingshots.
In short, a PNN-E ship becomes a real Caravel of the space, in contrast with the expensive and elaborate one-way projectiles that we send among planets with conventional propulsion.
ASPS is jealous about their know-how (they’re absolutely right, I must say) so the formula to actually produce thrust has never been released. However they stated that the key to PNN lies in the antennas that everyone has on his rooftop. In fact the prototypes work using the antenna dipole.
Figure 1: the operation of an antenna dipole
We’re not given to know how the action force is obtained but I can speculate that a controlled interaction between two or more dipoles is involved.
In fact, in this article(in Italian) Laureti discusses the boosting of PNN-E by organizing hundreds of small dipoles in arrays. These structures can interact and then amplify the magnetic fields and thus strengthen the thrust. Those arrays can be arranged to fit the size of a small tile. If then we could cover the hull of a spaceship with those tiles the ship itself would become a thruster! Oddly enough, Laureti said that PNN-E produces luminous radiation when functioning, so this hypothetical spaceship would shine like some of those Unidentified Flying Objects.. but we’re trespassing in the fantasy realm.
Over the years ASPS has improved their prototype.
According to online publications, its evolution is:
SC23 (2001) – Thrust unknown
ASPS never released pictures of the prototype
SC2.12 (2001) – Thrust: 2 mN
Tds1/P10F02 (2003) – Thrust: 120 mN
P26MR05 (2005) – Thrust: 250 mN
TDS VF2 (2013) – Thrust:1/32g
Edit (11/29/15): ASPS announced a new thruster conceived to compete against EmDrive
Fert242(2015) – Thrust:~600uN , Input power: 150W
Fert242(2016) –Thrust:~1900uN , Input power: 150-250W
Fert242(2016) Improved version –Thrust:~2.56g* , Input power: 180W
*Thrust value is obtained through thrust overlapping phenomenon after 4 minutes of operation. A sustained thrust causes overheating and there is the risk of burning the circuitry. However the prototype lacks of any active/passive heat dissipation system, so there is large margine for improvements.
Edit (09/16/17): ASPS released two new prototypes:
F449 – Thrust: n/a (overheating prevented stable measurements)
ASPS never released pictures of the prototype
F432 – Thrust: 250mg – Input power: 250W
*Thrust value is obtained through thrust overlapping phenomenon at less than 1 minute of operation to avoid overheating.
If SC2.12 was competitive with ion propulsion, TDS VF2 is an another world: according to the released information it has an acceleration of 1/32g and the Association is working to improve this value and reach 1.1g. With this acceleration the prototype can literally take off! When ASPS will achieve this not so far result (I hope), the PNN will be ready to be publically presented.
TDS VF2 is a beast, in this video you can se how it bends the ballistic pendulum when powered:
There is a lot left to say about PNN-E but I don’t want to overload this article: that will be material for further posts.
11 thoughts on “The Electromagnetic Non Newtonian Propulsion or PNN-E”
Allego alcuni dettagli circa lo stato attuale della PNN sperimentale tratte da un articolo sull’ultimo numero di Nova Astronautiva (Nova 144)
Sovente mi si rimprovera in rete (scrive E.Laureti) di mantenere segreto il know-how della pnn mentre l’EM drive avanza http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20140006052
La loro interpretazione del principio di spinta come “…potentially demonstrating an interaction with the quantum vacuum virtual plasma … ” è per me da spettacolo comico ( strarotfl ) dato che poi (know-how della pnn pubblico) verrà detto che il principio di spinta della pnn era ovvio dato che andando ad ovest dalla Spagna immancabilmente si trovava l’America 🙂
Il problema per l’Emdrive si risolve nel capire IN PARTENZA il principio di spinta … siccome lo ignorano il problema per loro è identico a costruire un razzo o un motore a ioni ignorando il principio di azione e reazione 🙂 ….
Conclusione: arrancando nel buio più fitto i fans dell’Emdrive potranno trovare qualcosa in cui la spinta è più accentuata in alcuni test … in altri no …. ovvero un caos teorico da cui si può uscire solo con l’esatta comprensione fisica del principio di spinta.
Attualmente il mio problema di base con la pnn sperimentale è sempre lo stesso da ANNI . Ovvero abbassare l’impedenza del sistema per avere più energia dissipata in corrente . Per fare un esempio elementare dalla nota relazione
P = i*i* Z
(P= potenza , i= corrente , Z= impedenza) è chiaro che a parità di potenza per avere più corrente debbo diminuire al massimo l’impedenza Z.
E purtroppo la cosa non si può fare a piacere e facilmente per i circuiti pnn … attualmente non raggiungo il limite ideale di avere almeno Z= 1 Ohm per otternere una corrente di 30 Ampere con l’alimentazione di 900 Watt.
Il potenziamento e decollo della pnn è tutto nella riduzione “brutale” dell’impedenza … altrimenti la potenza non se ne va in spinta ma in “arrosto” dei circuiti pnn. 🙂
Detto in parole povere è tutto un ramo dell’elettrodinamica inesplorato a cui sono più vicini alla possibile soluzione gli esperti in antenne con una sostanziale differenza: che gli antennisti vogliono trasmettere la potenza a distanza e la pnn invece non vuole assolutamente questo.
Altro problema essenziale sono i generatori di potenza (costosi per le finanze asps) che vengono appunto costruiti da tutti per trasmettere i segnali e.m. a distanza e non “come” servirebbero per la pnn. In pratica accade che quando vai a praticare consistenti riduzioni di impedenza , passati certi limiti, si genera una consistente potenza riflessa (SWR) che ti distrugge l’alimentatore finale. Insomma non solo arrosto dei prototipi ma anche distruzione di delicate e costose attrezzature sperimentali.
Attualmente mi aiuta da alcuni anni il nostro nuovo tecnico che vuole rimanere in incognito. Senza di lui (riparazioni apparati rotti e consigli) avrei compromesso da tempo la mia attività sperimentale pnn.
Quo Fata Ferunt per tutti
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La ringrazio Laureti per queste informazioni!
Ho intenzione di dedicare un post proprio alle difficoltà tecniche della PNN ed il suo contributo è ovviamente prezioso.
I’m quite happy to have stumbled upon the PNN-E system, just today. I had been following the EMDrive for a time and the ripples in the social scientific networks. Then serendipity struck and I noticed a link to this blog in the YouTube comments on interview of the EMDrive’s creator. I’ve only started going over the material in this blog and some of what I can poorly Google-translate from Italian, but its very interesting/exciting. I’ll be sharing the story/info of the PNN-E system with the CEO of my company who is an RF/antenna Electrical Engineer, among other things.
We are out-of-box thinkers that create and support research and technology that is non-classical, but also takes the old and shines it up with the new for grander horizons. Do what has not been done before. Change the game for better days. Before anything, I’d like to know if Mr. Laureti has examined fractal dipole antenna for application to the PNN-E system (one example paper to reference what I’m talking about is http://www.iasj.net/iasj?func=fulltext&aId=61933). We use the Koch antenna in our wireless meshnet nodes (iVi) to vastly extend range and bandwidth of the compact personal devices. Just curious. The guy that pushed the fractal antenna, Nathan Cohen, didn’t have the easiest time getting his tech out there either. Well back to reading…
Keep up the good work Sergio! Look forward to the continuation of the saga.
Am very interested in E. Laureti finally making his design/system public. Its always great to shake things up.
All pnn is based on the violation of the principle of action and reaction as recognized by many in electrodynamics does not make sense.
I had in the past a lot of controversy on this argument and unfortunately emerge from all my url
When the know-how of pnn will be known easily accepted by all since it is a branch of electrodynamics never explored consciously and sincerely marvel not thought before. The pnn explain in my opinion also Emdrive working
Now I invite you to be patient because I have considerable technological problems.
One important thing is that the title of this blog … the pnn there must produce a new law of inertia http://www.calmagorod.org/inerzia-della-pnn/
at the aim that planets similar to the Earth are accessible.
qff (quo fata ferunt)
welcome to this blog!
All the attention around Emdrive is a good thing because I think this will put E.M thruster technology in the limelight and will “legitimize” its principle. I believe PNN-E is a technology far more promising, and if you like to diffuse its existence you’re welcome of course 🙂
I think (but I’m not writing in behalf of ASPS) that an help from antenna experts can be very useful.
One of the biggest problem ASPS is facing is that dipole radiation must be focused in the dipole itself, quite the opposite requirement of a common antenna. As far as I know such kind of problem never existed. A more efficient antenna, like fractal ones, could be useful if it can be adapted to PNN-E requirements. However Laureti, who follows this blog, can answer to your question better than me.
I’m interested in the public presentation too, this will be sure thing once he deposit the complete patent of PNN-E.
Thank you for your appreciation,
I view something really interesting about your web site so I saved to bookmarks .
Thank you, I’m glad you like it.
Some detractors of pnn